The processing time for a K-1 fiancé visa ranges from 12–18 months, and involves U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the National Visa Center, and a U.S. embassy or U.S. consulate in your foreign fiance’s country of residence. Right now it’s taking USCIS 5.5 to 15.5 months to process Form I-129F: Petition for Alien Fiancé, and it’s taking the NVC 21 days to create and review cases.
Updated December 4, 2023
If you are a U.S. citizen petitioning to get a K-1 visa for your foreign fiancé, you’ll submit two main forms. As the petitioner, you’ll file Form I-129F: Petition for Alien Fiancé with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and its required documents. As the beneficiary, your fiance will file Form DS-160: Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application with the National Visa Center.
Form I-129F Processing Times
Five USCIS service centers process Form I-129F petitions. Here are the current form processing times:
|USCIS Service Center||Last Week||This Week||Change?|
|California Service Center||16 months||15.5 months||- 0.5 months|
|Nebraska Service Center||5 months||5.5 months||+ 0.5 months|
|Potomac Service Center||19 months||14 months||- 5 months|
|Texas Service Center||12.5 months||12.5 months||No change|
|Vermont Service Center||7.5 months||8 months||+ 0.5 months|
A U.S. citizen must file this form on behalf of their foreign fiancé. If you are a lawful permanent resident (green card holder), you aren’t eligible to submit Form I-129F.
Form DS-160 Processing Times
Form DS-160 is the second form required for the K-1 fiancé visa application process. Your foreign fiancé will need to file this form online with the U.S. Department of State’s National Visa Center (NVC) in the Consular Electronic Application Center (CEAC).
Here’s the current NVC timeframe for creating and reviewing cases:
|National Visa Center||Last Week||This Week||Change?|
|Case Creation Time||13 days||10 days||- 3 days|
|Case Review Time||12 days||11 days||- 1 day|
|Total Time||25 days||21 days||- 4 days|
Note that your fiancé will also have a visa interview at the U.S. embassy or consulate closest to them. This can add additional time to the process. Unfortunately, the U.S. Department of State does not release current interview wait times for K-1 fiance visas by location.
How Long Will My K-1 Visa Application Take?
The entire K-1 visa process can take 12–18 months. Several factors influence wait times, including processing delays — such as the continued backlog due to the pandemic — and staffing or budget issues at USCIS service centers or field offices.
You’ll also have to wait for USCIS to send your approval notice and then transfer your application to the National Visa Center. The NVC will request and process supporting documents, such as an affidavit of support that shows your spouse meets certain income requirements and evidence that your relationship is “bona fide” or legitimate.
What’s Happening With My K-1 Visa Application?
If you’re wondering what’s happening with your K-1 fiancé visa case, you can check your case status online using the receipt number from your application receipt notice. Our Learning Center contains several articles that can help you understand your case status.
If your application is outside normal processing times, you can contact USCIS to ask for additional information.